3. Cluster of buds at top of shoot. Go to 4. (Oaks)
3. Single bud at end of shoot. Go to 5.
4. Buds dark brown with few scales. Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur)
4. Buds pale brown with many scales. Sessile Oak (Quercus petraea)
Note that there are many other species of Oak planted in Northern Ireland in parks and estates. These are the native species, but they also hybridise and so there can be intermediate forms that are a mix of the two species.
5. Buds long slender and pointed, many scales. Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
5. Not so. Go to 6.
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