Phylum: Ascomycota Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Xylariales Family: Xylariaceae
Species: Xylaria hypoxylon (L.) Grev.
Synonyms: Clavaria hypoxylon
Sphaeria hypoxylon
Sphaeria ramosa
Xylosphaera hypoxylon
Common Name: Candlesnuff Fungus


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Xylaria hypoxylonPhotographer:  Mark Wright
Photographer: Mark Wright

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View this species in its UK context on the BMS Database
Associated Species (where recorded) & number of records:
Fagus sylvatica (54)
Corylus avellana (52)
Alnus glutinosa (30)
Fraxinus excelsior (16)
Salix (15)
Quercus petraea (9)
Quercus (8)
Crataegus monogyna (7)
Betula pendula (7)
Acer pseudoplatanus (7)
Betula pubescens (6)
Beech (4)
Ulex europaeus (4)
Betula (4)
Salix cinerea (3)
Pinus (3)
Prunus laurocerasus (3)
Picea sitchensis (2)
Pinus sylvestris (2)
Ulmus (2)
Sycamore (1)
Taxus baccata (1)
Tilia cordata x platyphyllos (1)
Salix caprea (1)
Ulex (1)
Abies grandis (1)
Quercus robur (1)
Sambucus nigra (1)
Acanthaceae (1)
Aesculus hippocastanum (1)
Alnus cordata (1)
Coniferophyta (1)
Larix (1)
Picea abies (1)
Prunus spinosa (1)
Habitat (where recorded) & number of records:
Woodland: broadleaved, semi-natural (71)
Woodland: mixed (33)
Woodland: broadleaved (21)
Neutral grassland: semi-improved (17)
Parkland and scattered trees (17)
Woodland (16)
Woodland: mixed, plantation (15)
Woodland: coniferous, plantation (8)
Woodland: mixed, semi-natural (8)
Built up area, domestic (6)
Boundaries: defunct hedge (5)
Scrub (5)
Boundaries: hedge with trees, species-rich (4)
Fraxinus excelsior-Sorbus aucuparia-Mercurialis perennis woo (4)
Grassland: calcareous, semi-improved, upland (4)
Woodland: broadleaved, plantation (4)
Acid grassland (3)
Improved grassland (3)
Marsh/marshy grassland (3)
Woodland: mixed, plantation, high forest (3)
Woodland: plantation (3)
Acid grassland: semi-improved (2)
Boundaries: hedge with trees (2)
Grassland: acidic, semi-improved, upland (2)
Neutral grassland (2)
Woodland: broadleaved, semi-natural, high forest (2)
Acid grassland: unimproved (1)
Acid sessile oak-hazel-ash woods (1)
Bare ground (1)
Bog (1)
Boundaries: defunct hedge, species-poor (1)
Boundaries: earth bank (1)
Boundaries: intact hedge, species-rich (1)
Bracken: continuous (1)
Calcareous grassland (1)
Calcareous grassland: unimproved (1)
Cultivated/disturbed land: introduced shrub (1)
Grassland: acidic, unimproved, lowland (1)
Grassland: marshy, lowland (1)
Grassland: marshy, upland (1)
Neutral grassland: unimproved (1)
Parkland and scattered trees: broadleaved (1)
Parkland and scattered trees: mixed (1)
Scrub: dense/continuous, acidic (1)
Swamp (1)
Valley alderwoods on neutral-alkaline soils (1)
Woodland and scrub (1)
Woodland: broadleaved, plantation, high forest (1)
Woodland: broadleaved, semi-natural, coppice with standards (1)
Woodland: coniferous, plantation, high forest (1)
Woodland: mixed, plantation, coppice (1)
Woodland: mixed, semi-natural, high forest (1)
Substrate (where recorded) & number of records:
Dead Wood (117)
Stump (83)
Acer pseudoplatanus (50)
Quercus rubra (47)
Castanea sativa (17)
Twig (12)
Dead Branch (11)
Fallen Wood (9)
Soil (7)
Fallen Tree (5)
Log (5)
Buried Wood (3)
Fallen Branch (3)
Soil Leaves (3)
Fallen log (2)
Stem (2)
Tree (2)
wood (2)
branch (1)
Cut Trunk (1)
Fallen Twig (1)
Norway Maple (1)
Soil Mossy (1)
Standing Dead Tree (1)
stump, fallen (1)
trunk, rotten (1)
Months recorded in & number of records:
January (20)
February (17)
March (16)
April (26)
May (23)
June (8)
July (16)
August (16)
September (49)
October (190)
November (113)
December (17)