These pages highlight interesting records made not just on
NIFG forays. So if you have any good finds, please send them to me contacting me at
. This could include any records in Ireland, not just Northern
This page has been superceded by the
interesting finds page on the NIFG
Forum but is retained as there are very interesting records
- More interesting records from Roy Anderson. First of all, a few
species new to Northern Ireland. Cantharellula umbonata with
markedly forked gills amongst moss on Cave Hill in early
November, Coprinus friesii from Keenaghan
Lough in Fermanagh on June 18 and Amylostereum chailletii (record
details to follow).
- Nicky Lynn found this striking fungus on a fungus for the first
time in Ireland at the RSPB Belfast Lagoon reserve. Here, the
parasite, Volvariella surrecta, can be seen coming out of a
volva on top of the Clouded Agaric, Clitocybe nebularis. The
previous most northerly record of this species in the British Isles in
the BMSFRD was Lincolnshire so this is quite a find!!
- Some hydnoids from Donegal found by Stuart Dunlop. First of all,
Stuart found Phellodon melaleucus (smelling strongly of
fenugreek ) and a possible Hydnellum spongiosipes in
Ards Forest and then what looks like Hydnellum concrescens from
Steeple Wood near Raphoe.
- Although very dry, the season is beginning if you look hard. Here
are a few of the good finds so far: Ronnie Irvine found Boletus
rubellus in Drum Manor. Although common in the south of the
British Isles, it is not found often in Northern Ireland (3
Arlette found Pleurotus pulmonarius on the foray to Slieve Gullion
and although from Wales and not NI, I just have to pop in a photo of boletus
parasiticus fruiting out of Scleroderma citrinum. It is thought
not really to be parasitic, but living together with the Scleroderma (both
are ectomycorrhizal). Quite what they are doing and why is another
- It is early summer and the first signs of the season to come are
here. This is Agrocybe pediades from my garden. It is a
delicate fungus, noted by its round cells in the cap, brown spores,
mealy taste and hints of velar remains on the cap.
- Another new Irish record - this time for a truffle. Robert Cobain
from Bangor found a pinkish truffle under a young three year old
Eucalyptus tree in his garden, Curiously, it was grown from seed so
the truffle didn't come in the root ball of the tree. So how did it
get there?? There must be more around.... It is very recognisable with
the pink colours and the intricate internal structure. An exciting
Hydnangium carneum - Photo by Robert Cobain
- A new Irish record for a Bolete. Alan Hills has confirmed Stuart
Dunlop's find of Suillus flavidus from Mongorrey Wood outside
Raphoe in Donegal from September 2004. This is a Scots Pine associate
often found in Scotland in boggy natural Scots Pine woods. It is noted
by its paler yellow colours (than Slippery Jack, Suillus luteus),
slender form and the thin jelly like ring.
Suillus flavidus - photos by Stuart Dunlop
- Some updates from Roy Anderson's latest ascomycete finds.
macrospora was found in Rostrevor Oakwood on 17th March
2005. On decayed, soft heartwood of holly in Quercus petraea wood. First Irish record. There is a single British record, but status of this uncertain. Characterised by large spores (13-18 μm) and thick, whitish, waxy layer underlying the carbonaceous fruiting body. Rare in Europe.
macrospora Photo Roy
- Hypoxylon macrocarpum found 3 times at Rea’s
Wood(J143852) on 19.2.2005, Ardgillan Castle(O219609)/26.2.2005 and Belfast Castle(J329790)/13.3.2005.
Segregate of the widespread Hypoxylon rubiginosum, but with greenish-brown rather than orange KOH-extractable pigments and very large fruiting bodies, up to 750cm long. Undersides of decorticated logs in wet places.
- Hypoxylon petriniae is ubiquitous on ash (Fraxinus) wood.
Often confused with H. rubiginosum from which it is distinguished by its purplish- brown ascomata, lacking perithecial mounds and with a distinct black marginal layer. Also by its specificity for ash.
H. rubiginosum occurs mainly on other woods and the ascomata have perithecial mounds and a strong rusty or orange colour without a marginal layer.
- Hypoxylon subticinense found 4 times at Belfast Castle(J328798)/14.11.2004, Lagan Meadows(J335704)/17.2. 2005, Rea’s Wood(J139852)/19.2i.2005 and Rea’s Wood(J141850)/5.3.2005.
Found respectively on fallen beech branch, on dead Salix viminalis branches in a fen, on dead standing
Salix fragilis and on fallen alder branch in carr litter. This species otherwise recorded only in SW France and Washington State, US. Characterised by bracket-like, hairy, bright orange immature fruiting bodies with yellow, hairy margins. The mature fruiting body looks like
H. rubiginosum but without perithecial mounds and with distinct black spots where the ostioles emerge.
- Biscogniauxia anceps found at Charleville Demesne(N319226)/24.5.2003.
On dead standing blackthorn branches; wet carr woodland. First Irish record. 2 English sites are mentioned in BMS database. Scarce in Europe, known from single sites in Italy and Spain, several in
- Ronnie Irvine has been finding some good things in Tyrone again.
He found Inocybe godeyi which is marked by white, quickly
reddening fruiting bodies with a bulbous stipe and cystidia with
encrusted crystals at the tip for the first time in Northern Ireland
since 1948 and also Ramaria abietina which is recognised for
- Splanchnonema scoriadea (Pleomassariaceae) turned
up for the first time in Northern Ireland at Correll Glen, Co
Fermanagh on 28 June 2004 on brittle dead twigs from a low hanging
branch of a birch tree in the wood. Melina McMullen, Maria Cullen
& Howard Fox were studying at birch epiphytes there for a
monitoring project. The group of black flask shaped structures to 1mm
diameter on the bark of the twig made it obvious that we had a
pyrenomycete. On a slide under the microscope, the ascospores were
colossal, 50-70 x 20 microns and 1 septate. The top cell of the
ascospore was dark brown and many many times the size of the paler
brown lower cell. This ascospore type is most unusual - unprecedented
in my experience. There is an old record of Splanchnonema scoriadea
made by David Moore in the 1860s from Killarney in the DBN herbarium,
and there are only a handful of records on the BMSFRD.
The pyrenomycetes of easily snapped white-rotted
attached or recently shed twigs of various host tree species (Birch,
Lime, Elder, Sycamore, Hazel, Oak, Gorse, etc.) are not so difficult
to name - a microscope preparation of the perithecium contents (ascospores,
asci, physes), and a copy of Ellis & Ellis with species
descriptions on your desk will allow anyone so equipped to contribute
new records of pyrenomycetes in Northern Ireland.
Hypocrea pulvinata (Hypocreaceae) was seen on the
lower side of a birch polypore which had fallen from a dead birch, and
had come to land ventral face up. It was seen along a woodland walk in
Florencecourt, Co. Fermanagh on 2 July 2004, new to Northern Ireland.
The spongy hymenium composed of spore bearing tubes soaked up rain
water and was dark and rotten. The 3-8mm diameter lemon yellow spots (stroma
with tiny perithecia in) were scattered over the host hymenium and
made the fallen bracket appear from a distance like a discarded rotten
poxy orange skin [poxy = a folk medical term for spotted]. There is
one other specimen in the DBN herbarium, from near Lough Fin, Co.
Mayo, collected by Maura Scannell in the 1950s. In addition to rotting
down Piptoporus, this saprobe is reported in other European countries
on Fomitopsis brackets. - H. Fox, 5 July 2004.
Despite the poor fruiting season in the second year
of the NI Waxcap Survey, there were a number of 12 Irish records (at
least no other Irish records are listed for these species in the
BMSFRD) and there are another 10 species new to Northern Ireland. Liz
Holden found Camarophyllopsis schulzeri on the slopes of
Knocklayd near Ballycastle, Dermoloma pseudocuneifolium near
Torr Head, Entoloma ochromicaceum at White Park Bay and Entoloma
nigroviolaceum at Knocklayd and White Park Bay. Richard King found
Clavaria tenuipes at Ballynahavla Bridge near Slieveanorra and
the strange Squamanita paradoxa parasitising Cystoderma sp. near
Altnahinch Dam. Shelley Evans and Peter Roberts spectacularly found Hygrocybe
phaeococcinea at the White Rocks near Portrush and also (some
during diversions into nearby woods) Colacogloea peniophorae and
Hyphoderma cryptocallimon at Keady Mountain, Hyphodontia
detritica at Dowhill Forest and Sistotremastrum niveocremeum and
Tulasnella deliquescens in Ervey Wood ASSI.
Species new to Northern Ireland include Cortinarius
huronensis (Shelley Evans at New Buildings, Co.Londonderry), Entoloma
excentricum (Liz Holden at Ballynahavla Bridge), Entoloma
rhombisporum (Liz Holden near Torr Head), Entoloma pseudoturci (Liz
Holden at Knocklayd), Entoloma hirtipes and Entoloma
hispidulum (Roy Anderson at Barony Bridge, Tyrone), Entoloma
longistriatum (both Liz Holden at Drumtullagh Church in
Carrowreagh townland and Roy Anderson at Tirkane near Swatragh), Gamundia
striatula (Liz Holden at St. Patrick's Church, Kilrea), Microdiscula
phragmitis (Peter Roberts at Donnybrewer Level (Intake) Townland)
and Omphalina galericolor var. lilacinicolor (Peter
Roberts at the Pot Quarry, Ballyness Townland near Limavady).
- Bracket fungi are particularly rare in Northern Ireland due to
the lack of continuity of woodland (most large trees were felled for
the English ship building industry in the 16th to 18th centuries or
ring barked for tannin). So it was particularly pleasing to find the
large spongy bracket, Aurantiporus (Tyromyces) fissilis on a
Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris) in Castlewellan Forest Park. It was
right beside the lake car park and was a fair height up in a old wound
where a branch had fallen off. It needed my tripod fully extended
standing on tip toes to be able to knock a bit off for identification
purposes! An Irish first. Thanks to Nick Legon for confirming it.
- From near Ballycastle, a beautiful clump of viscid Pholiota
limonella was found by Joe Breen Jnr (aged 9). This is a probable first Irish
record. It looks like the common Pholiota squarrosa, but it is
very viscid. There are a number of similar species in this area and
they can only be distinguished by their spore size. This had spores
measuring 6.5-7.5 (8) x 4-4.5 (5) microns so is intermediate between P.jahnii
(adiposa) and P.aurivellus (cerifera). (02/10/03)
- At the Loughgall foray, the most notable find was Melanophyllum
eyeri, which is umistakeable due to its green gills and incredible
- In Glenariff Forest Park, there was masses of the Larch Bolete, Suillus
grevellei which is not really notable except that on 3 occasions,
it was accompanied by Gomphidius maculatus, which like Suillus
bovinus and Gomphidius roseus seem to be fruiting partners.
- The rare BAP fungus, Armillaria ectypa was found again at
its site on the Garron Plateau in a base rich flush. Interestingly, it
looked to have been partly eaten by sheep. The densely fasiculate
fruiting body was knocked over and all the caps were gone except one.
Could this be one reason why it is rare? It tastes nice? (12/9/03)
- Ronnie Irvine found a flush of Geastrum fimbriatum at
Loughry College in Tyrone. It is marked by a sessile finely hairy
endoperidium (the globular structure on top containing the spores).
Why are we suddenly finding so many earthstars here after years of
none at all? Global warming?
- August 9-10: A flush is well under way in the west of Northern
Ireland. Whilst there are not huge volumes of fungi, there are some
very interesting species indeed. On a weekend in Fermanagh, there were
huge specimens of Boletus luridus and B.radicans out
plus B.rubellus is out on a number of sites, but it was
the Amanitas that were the most exciting. Amanita mairei and lividopallescens
are new to Ireland. Also new to Northern Ireland are
Volvariella hypopithys and Agaricus moelleri. Other notable
finds were an enormous Russula pseudointegra, R.laeta
with numerous clavate dermatocystidia that are also fuchsinophile, Entoloma
vinaceum var. fumosipes, lots of Inonotus dryadeus on
a significant number of trees in Crom, Lactarius fuliginosus (common
in Crom), Cortinarius rubellus and Pluteus thomsonii
with its strongly veined cap. The blackening Russula that we
found quite a bit last year was also out. I am veering to calling this
Russula anthracina var. insipida as the spores and
basidia are just too large for R.atramentosa. It is marked by
the black oil drops in the cap hyphae and a mild refreshing tasting
gills rather than the very hot gills of R.anthracina
itself. Quite a weekend.
- 25 May: There is a real flush on wood chips. Agrocybe praecox
is common as is Volvariella gloiocephala. One new Irish record
is for Conocybe aporos from Castle Park in Bangor which is
noted by its delicate movable ring and spores with no germ pore. Volvariella
gloiocephala was also found in the foredunes at Murlough in Marram
grass which was a first for me in this habitat. There are also a
number of species fruiting that normally found much later in the
season. Russula cyanoxantha and the small Naucoria escharioides found under Alder were both fruiting in Clandeboye Demesne.
- 17 April: On a single piece of gorse up near
Dunfanaghy in the north of Co.Donegal that I picked seeing a black
asco, Roy Anderson found two new Irish records, Eutypa ulicis and
Lophiostoma ulicis. Gorse is an interesting substrate in Ireland
as it is so common and we are a long way west to boot. The only
records for Eutypa ulicis on the BMS database are from Kintyre,
Cornwall, the Scilly Isles and one from Hampshire so is this a western
distribution? Similarly, Roland McHugh was finding myxomycetes
like Badhamia taxicola from Gorse near Carrickarede so it worth
here for finds between January - August 2001
here for finds between September- December 2001
here for interesting finds for 2002
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